Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 9 th International Conference on Recycling:Reduce , Reuse and Recycle Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Day 2 :

OMICS International Recycling 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Brigitte Wabuyabo-Okonga M photo

Statement of the Problem: Challenges in waste management in urban set-ups are worsened by the ever increasingly high population, (Tilahun, Abdhalah & Blessing, 2016; Haider, Amber, Ammara, Mukrukh & Aisha, 2015; NEMA (2015); Longhi, Marzioni, Alidori, Gianluca, Prist, Grisostomi & Pirro, 2012; Gupta & Rohini, 2011). Mirjan, (2017) projects that by the end of 2025 the waste volumes will to almost 2.3 billion tons. This fact, coupled with ineffective waste management that negatively impacts on the general environmental, climatic, human health and the economy (EU, 2010) proves there is need to continue sourcing for workable waste management strategies. The EU, (2010) reports that waste management has improved tremendously in the past decades, although about one-third of municipal waste lies in landfills yet less half is recycled or composted. Other countries have registered commendable progress although others are still struggling with it. The European Union legislated four proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling (EU Legislation in Progress, 2016). Smart ways of handling solid waste have been devised. Slater, Thompson, and Bruemmer (2016) argue that software development and utilization of waste management is critical but complex. Mustafa and Ku Azir (2017) came up with smart bins that use ultrasound sensors to measure the level of garbage and ARM micro-controller to control systems operation that allows monitoring of waste management ever, each country seems to experience their challenges differently. There has been development and evolution of IoT-driven waste management system that would successfully enhance the handling of voluminous different types of waste to help solve human health and the economy and environment waste related problems (EU, 2010). Similarly, Longhi et al., (2012) suggest the development of Wireless Smart implementations that are expected to enhance waste management thus reducing environmental impact. The aim of this study is to focus on enhancing mobile phone-integrated plastic-related waste management techniques. An all stakeholder-inclusive model is developed to ensure commitment to efficient and effective waste management for the general good of the whole environment.


Brigitte Wabuyabo-Okonga has expertise in a market research whose aim to provide solutions to problems facing society. Her proposed model will not only help the urban centers enhance waste management through concerted stakeholder effort but also change consumer attitude towards waste management. The model is based on the existing automated text operations currently used worldwide. It is expected that this operation will be used to generate and enhance the flow of
information among the different stakeholders.

OMICS International Recycling 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Mohammad Hadi Dehghani photo

Mohammad Hadi Dehghani (PhD) is a Full Professor at the Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tehran, Iran. His scientific research interests include the Environmental Health, Air Pollution, Water Pollution and Solid Waste. He is the author of various research studies published at national and international journals, conference proceedings and Head of several research projects at the TUMS. He has authored 8 books and more than 150 full papers published in peer-reviewed journals. He is an editorial board member and reviewer in many internal and international journals and is a member of several international science committees around the world. He has a supervisor and advisor PhD and MSc theses at the TUMS. He is currently also a member of the Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH) and member of the Institute for Environmental Research (IER) at the TUMS


Exposure to high levels of formaldehyde is known as both acute and chronic health problems, but the studies analyzing ambient concentrations of formaldehyde, especially in Middle East cities such as Tehran, are still rare. The aim of this study is to survey the variations in the concentration of formaldehyde in several areas with a high traffic volume of Tehran city during different seasons. The other objectives include understanding the influence of carbon monoxide, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide concentrations, ambient temperature, relative humidity, and air pressure on the variation of formaldehyde concentration. Measurements were carried out during the period of 6 months between 2013 (December 22 to February 14) and 2014 (April 27 to June 20 at five different locations within the city, together with a background site. One hundred and eight samples, each averaged over 3h from 11am to 2pm, were taken from the sampling locations. The average concentration of formaldehyde in the spring (22.7±5.3 ppb) was found about 1.31 times higher than winter (17.3±4.2 ppb). Formaldehyde concentrations demonstrated a significant correlation with the changes in air temperature (in the range of 0.46 to 0.66 for different locations) but not having any strong correlation with humidity and pressure. Carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide showed a significant coefficient of determination with formaldehyde concentrations with R2 as 0.80 and 0.67 during the winter, respectively, whereas the corresponding R2 values during spring were 0.39 and 0.41. Ozone showed a significant correlation with formaldehyde (R2=0.64) during the spring and has not such a significant correlation during the season winter (R2=0.23). Overall, it concluded that road vehicles were recognized as the main contributor of formaldehyde production during both the seasons, especially in the winter, also, photochemical oxidation was another important and considerable contributor producing formaldehyde during the spring.