Daniela Trifan has her expertise in agricultural and horticultural crops, and her passion is to improve the quality of crops by using the natural resources. She is PhD in Plant Breeding, and she was teacher in Agricultural Faculty, then she was research scientist for plants biology and soil sciences, but the most important activity is the plant nutrition and quality of crops, because she is consultant for the farmers in an agricultural association with over 50 members. From 2016 she is Director of the project: “Research on obtaining vegetal bio-stimulants from agricultural post-harvest waste and medicinal plants, to increase the quality of agricultural and horticultural products - PN-III-P2-2.1-PTE-2016-0073”. The main objective is to design and build a bio-degradation platform for a technology to obtain specific recipes of plants bio-stimulants from post-harvest agricultural waste and medicinal plants extracts, followed by testing and obtaining a certification of technology and bio-stimulants produced.
Abstract\r\nStatement of the Problem: The idea developed in this project started several years ago when there have been extensive studies on the potential of obtaining bio fertilizers from waste plant mass after harvesting crops. Experimental products were obtained rich in nutrients, but unstable in terms of existing microorganisms. Therefore, they conducted further studies obtaining bio fungicide herb, so in all investigations undertaken so far in the laboratory, were able to conclude the following:\r\n- vegetable material remaining after harvesting of crops is a resource rich in mineral nutrients, which can be obtained by bio degradation under the influence of microorganisms of the genus Trichoderma sp. and Aspergillus sp. Herbs (which are sometimes weeds in crops) are, on the other hand, a resource of antibiotics that can be used for combating diseases and pests of agricultural and horticultural crops, and, by the introduction of plant extracts with fungicidal effect obtained from herbs in bio fertilizers obtained by degradation of plant material post-harvest we obtained various stimulants plant with nourishing and plant the crops and horticulture. In this project, we have two partners, Agricultural Research and Development Station of Braila and “Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati, Faculty of Engineering and Agriculture of Braila. By the partnership with the university we seek design platform of bio degradation determine the most effective technology for these stimulants for plant and methods of the most economical in terms of energy for performing treatments in the field \r\nBy partnership with SCDA Braila is aimed at testing bio stimulants plant under experimental conditions and production. The project coordinator has the ability to get bio stimulants for different categories of crops and facilitate a secure their markets - by implementing the project will be both patented technology of bio-stimulants (platform for bio degradation) and biological products obtained. In the first stage we made experiences in fields for three winter crops (wheat, barley and rape) and for three spring crops (corn, sunflower, soybean), with different doses of the bio-stimulants, and in two sub-experiences: with two applications and with three applications. \r\nThis was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS/CCDI – UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P2-2.1.-2016-0073, within PNCDI III.\r\n
Linda Gaines is a Transportation Systems Analyst at Argonne National Laboratory. She holds a BA in Chemistry and Physics from Harvard, and a PhD in Physics from Columbia. Her primary interest is efficient use of resources. She began her career by writing a series of handbooks on energy and material flows in energy-intensive industries. These provided background for studies of the costs and impacts of production, use, and recycling of advanced-design automobiles, trucks, and trains, and batteries. Her recent work involves recycling of lithium-ion batteries and also reducing vehicle idling. She is an Editor of Sustainable Materials and Technologies.
rnElectric drive vehicle sales are growing worldwide. The key component in these vehicles is the lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery. While it is possible to extend the life of Li-ion batteries in applications such as grid storage, eventually they reach their end-of-life (EOL) and are available for recycling. The reason behind recycling these batteries include: to reduce net energy requirements; to reduce environmental impacts; to reduce potential supply constraints by replacing extracted materials with recovered materials; to generate cost-offsetting revenues and; to comply with government mandates for EOL battery recycling. To identify the potential impacts of the growing market for automotive lithium-ion batteries, Argonne researchers are examining the material demand and recycling issues related to lithium-ion batteries. Research includes: estimating material demand and comparing to world supplies; conducting studies to identify the greenest, most economical recycling processes; investigating recycling practices to determine how much of which materials could be recovered with current or improved methods, and; quantifying the environmental impacts of both battery production and recycling processes through life-cycle analyses using Argonne\'s GREET model. Researchers leverage Argonne\'s Bat Pac model to determine the material quantities and compositions needed to perform demand studies and life-cycle analyses on different lithium-ion battery chemistries. Although there are many challenges to successful recycling of lithium-ion batteries, we are confident that the research we are pursuing will be instrumental in overcoming them. rn